Generalized lock-in detection for interferometry: application to phase sensitive spectroscopy and near-field nanoscopy
Optical Society of America
A generalized lock-in detection method is proposed to extract amplitude and phase from optical interferometers when an arbitrary periodic phase or frequency modulation is used. The actual modulation function is used to create the reference signals providing an optimal extraction of the useful information, notably for sinusoidal phase modulation. This simple and efficient approach has been tested and applied to phase sensitive spectroscopy and near-field optical measurements. We analyze the case where the signal amplitude is ...