Authors
H. Phuong Nguyen, A. Delahaies, Florent Retraint, D. Huy Nguyen, M. Pic, F. Morain-Nicolier,
Title
A watermarking technique to secure printed QR codes using a statistical test
In
2017 IEEE Global Conference on Signal and Information Processing, GlobalSIP 2017 - Proceedings
Volume
2018-January
Pages
288–292
Publisher
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Year
2018
Publisher's URL
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/GlobalSIP.2017.8308650
Indexed by
Abstract
The QR (Quick Response) code is a two-dimensional barcode, which was designed for storage information and high-speed reading applications. Being cheap to produce and fast to read, it becomes actually a popular solution for product labeling. Ones try to make QR code a solution against counterfeiting. In this paper, we present a novel technique that permits to create a secure printed QR code which is robust against Scan & Reprint attack. The code is constructed by replacing the background of the standard one by a specific textured pattern which does not affect the normal reading of the encoded message. Scan & Reprint attacks lead to the degradation of the texture and change its statistical characteristics, which can be detected thanks to a statistical hypothesis testing. The experimental results show a good performance of the proposed solution. © 2017 IEEE.
Affiliations
Offprint