Mobilité et lutte contre la pollution atmosphérique - La difficile conciliation des exigences environnementales et d’équité sociale dans l’instauration d’une zone à basse émission
Cahiers de Géographie du Québec
Département de géographie de l'Université Laval
To promote the economic development, local and national authorities are brought to implement public policies which allow individuals to be able to move and then to have access to job opportunities and public services. At the same time it’s more and more important to decrease the traffic of motor vehicles because it is one of the main causes of nuisances, pollution and health issues. That’s why the public actions concerning transport have been evolving: the current public concerns don’t focus anymore on the right to mobility but on more global goals of sustainable development. The difficult balance between economical, social and environmental objectives raises the question of the environmental inequalities, which were an acute issue when it was decided to implement Low emissions Zones (ZAPA) in France. We then carried out a sociological study on the agglomeration of Seine-Saint-Denis to better understand how a ZAPA can impact the populations differently.