Maud Rio,
A l'interface de l'ingénierie et de l'analyse environnementale, fédération pour une éco-conception proactive
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Observing how is performed eco-design in industry shows that environmental experts are facing some difficulties to share data with multi-domain product designers tools: technical limitations regarding standards, lack of modularity and flexibility, semantical loss associate to the data, etc. Therefore, this research contribution is to propose a method to build dynamic information exchanges between environmental experts and product designers activities involved along the design process, based on federation using Model Driven Engineering. The method is composed of two complementary parts: creating the environmental tools models to implement the company library and supporting the eco-design process deployment regarding the global environmental strategy and tactic. The proposal has been tested on two industrial case studies: in the companies Parkeon and Quiksilver. The experimentations results shows that the method is adapted to industries and confers three properties : (1) the adaptation to the various eco-design contexts encountered during the design process (2) the capacity for the environmental expert to use any available informations produced by other designers (keeping the data semantic) and (3) the capacity for the environmental expert to give back to designers an adapted answer to help them reiterate their respective choice. This research contributes to build a constant proactivity along the design process between designers and environmental expert. They are better supported to follow the environmental tactic and strategy of the company.