Impact of residual stresses on the fatigue behavior of a Nickel‐based superalloy
Materials Science Forum
Trans Tech Publications
Aircraft engine components are subjected, voluntarily or not, to the influence of residual stresses (RS). These RS may evolve in service conditions and may have an influence on fatigue life of the component. This paper presents a method to take into account the RS and their relaxation in a finite element calculation to obtain the fatigue life. This method is applied to a representative high-pressure turbine disk specimen made of N18 Nickel-based superalloy. Firstly, residual stresses are measured using X-Ray diffraction technique on the surface and the thickness of specimens. The influence of different surface finishing processes on the intensity and distribution of RS is compared to as-received specimen. Then, using the experimental profile as an initial state, a fatigue life analysis is performed (on fatigue specimen) by applying a multiaxial extension of the Smith-Watson-Topper model. Numerical and experimental results are discussed in detail and it appears that residual compressive stresses have almost no influence for high strain range but they improve the fatigue life for lower ranges.