Authors
Tong Qiao, Florent Retraint, Rémi Cogranne, Thanh Hai Thai,
Title
Individual Camera Device Identification from JPEG Images
In
Signal Processing: Image Communication
Volume
52
Issue
3
Pages
74 – 86
Publisher
Elsevier
Year
2017
Publisher's URL
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.image.2016.12.011
Indexed by
Abstract
The goal of this paper is to investigate the problem of source camera device identification for natural images in JPEG format. We propose an improved signal-dependent noise model describing the statistical distribution of pixels from a JPEG image. The noise model relies on the heteroscedastic noise parameters, that relates the variance of pixels' noise with the expectation considered as unique fingerprints. It is also shown in the present paper that, non-linear response of pixels can be captured by characterizing the linear relation because those heteroscedastic parameters, which are used to identify source camera device. The identification problem is cast within the framework of hypothesis testing theory. In an ideal context where all model parameters are perfectly known, the Likelihood Ratio Test (LRT) is presented and its performance is theoretically established. The statistical performance of LRT serves as an upper bound of the detection power. In a practical identification, when the nuisance parameters are unknown, two generalized LRTs based on estimation of those parameters are established. Numerical results on simulated data and real natural images highlight the relevance of our proposed approach
Affiliations
Offprint