Hot incremental Forming of Titanium human skull prosthesis by using cartridge heaters: a reverse engineering approach
The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology
The single-point incremental forming process is an emerging process, which presents an alternative to the conventional sheet metal-forming processes like stamping and drawing. It is known to be perfectly suited for prototyping and small series. The incremental forming process offers the possibility of manufacturing medical prosthesis or implants specific to each patient, which are more comfortable and guarantee better performance. A reverse engineering approach associated with single-point incremental forming process in order to produce a titanium prosthesis of human skull is developed. It allows guaranteeing the high degree of customization required. In this paper, several novel warm forming experimental setup equipped with instruments to measure efforts and temperature monitoring is proposed. This new warm setup is feasible and makes it easy to monitor force and temperature sheet at forming; it gives it the ability to be exploited in the industry of manufacturing titanium alloy medical shapes. The real geometry of a skull prosthesis is re-constructed from a laser scanning technique, and specific treatments are performed until a CAD model is obtained. From it, the forming punch trajectories have been defined, and skull prostheses are manufactured using the technology of single-point incremental forming in titanium material at different temperatures.