Initiation and bifurcation mechanics in multi-directional laminates
Composites science and technology
This work studies the behaviour of multidirectional composite laminate under opening (mode I) loading. The material used is a glass/epoxy composite. The stacking sequence ±θ was selected to minimise coupling effects. The experimental results showed that several fracture modes depend on the angle of the ply orientation and on the applied stress type. For small angles (θ⩽30°), the fracture type is delamination on the mid plane. For large angles (θ>67°), the fracture takes place by flexure at the head of the precrack. For the intermediate angles, the bifurcation phenomenon leads to a delamination in staircase.