Interval-Based Localization using RSSI Comparison in MANETs
IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems
Aerospace & Electronic Systems Society
The knowledge of node positions is essential to many applications of wireless sensor networks. We propose an original model-free technique for localization in mobile ad hoc sensor networks (MANETs). Region constraints are set by a comparison of the received signal strength indicators (RSSIs) at both anchors and nonanchor nodes. The accuracy of this method remains in the way that it overcomes the use of the channel pathloss model. It is thus naturally adapted to nonstationary environments. The proposed approach uses interval analysis and constraints satisfaction techniques to compute accurate locations in a guaranteed way. Simulations are performed on group trajectories of sensors whose movements are generated using a reference point group mobility model. The simulation results confirm the efficiency of the proposed method and show that it outperforms the anchor-based methods in terms of accuracy and estimation errors.