A GIS-oriented semantic data model to support PLM for DfS
International Journal of Product Lifecycle Management
Inderscience Publishers (IEL)
Studying a product's environmental impact on an interacted territory's environmental status can increase decision makers' information when considering design for sustainability (DfS). Spatial representation of environmental information using geographic information systems (GIS) is an approach to analyse environmental status. This paper proposes a new data model to integrate geographical data with product related data throughout substances flows over the whole lifecycle. This model uses coupling of GIS and product lifecycle management (PLM) by unified modelling language (UML) representation. This new data model offers the possibility of enhancing sustainable products and obtaining more relevant results due to a better integration of site specificities.